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Medical Awareness: Measles Outbreak
The United States is currently experiencing the most significant measles outbreak since 1994. According to Schmitt-Thompson’s Clinical Update, “As of late June 2014, there have been 539 reported cases nationwide. There have been 16 outbreaks in 20 States” (July 2014). Initially, the outbreak was associated with travel with over 50% of the cases coming from Europe. Un-vaccinated children and adults are most susceptible to the measles outbreak.
Three to four days before the onset of a rash, measles symptoms generally begin with fever, red eyes, cough, runny nose, and sensitivity to light. Typically, the red blotchy rash first emerges on the face and back of the neck. However, within the following three days, the rash spreads downward, covering the entire body.
Many times, measles is diagnosed by the appearance of the rash. Blood tests and viral cultures are available if needed.
Find out more about the Measles outbreak and how to recognize the symptoms: http://stcc-triage.com/images/Clinical_Update_for_Telephone_Triage%20July%202014.pdf